Paul, a bondservant of Jesus Christ, called
to be an apostle, separated to the gospel of
which He promised before through His prophets in
the Holy Scriptures,
concerning His Son Jesus Christ our Lord, who
was born of the seed of David according to the
4 and declared to be the Son
of God with power according to the Spirit of
holiness, by the resurrection from the dead.
Through Him we have received grace and
apostleship for obedience to the faith among all
nations for His name,
among whom you also are the called of Jesus
To all who are in Rome, beloved of God, called
to be saints:
Grace to you and peace from God our Father and
the Lord Jesus Christ.
First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for
you all, that your faith is spoken of throughout
the whole world.
For God is my witness, whom I serve with my
spirit in the gospel of His Son, that without
ceasing I make mention of you always in my
making request if, by some means, now at last I
may find a way in the will of God to come to
For I long to see you, that I may impart to you
some spiritual gift, so that you may be
that is, that I may be encouraged together with
you by the mutual faith both of you and me.
Now I do not want you to be unaware, brethren,
that I often planned to come to you (but was
hindered until now), that I might have some
fruit among you also, just as among the other
I am a debtor both to Greeks and to barbarians,
both to wise and to unwise.
So, as much as is in me, I am ready to
preach the gospel to you who are in Rome also.
For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ,
for it is the power of God to salvation for
everyone who believes, for the Jew first and
also for the Greek.
For in it the righteousness of God is revealed
from faith to faith; as it is written, “The
just shall live by faith.”
For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven
against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of
men, who suppress the truth in unrighteousness,
because what may be known of God is manifest in
them, for God has shown it to them.
For since the creation of the world His
invisible attributes are clearly seen,
being understood by the things that are made,
even His eternal power and Godhead, so that
they are without excuse,
because, although they knew God, they did not
glorify Him as God, nor were thankful,
but became futile in their thoughts, and their
foolish hearts were darkened.
Professing to be wise, they became fools,
and changed the glory of the incorruptible God
into an image made like corruptible man—and
birds and four-footed animals and creeping
Therefore God also gave them up to uncleanness,
in the lusts of their hearts, to dishonor their
bodies among themselves,
who exchanged the truth of God for the lie, and
worshiped and served the creature rather than
the Creator, who is blessed forever. Amen.
For this reason God gave them up to vile
passions. For even their women exchanged the
natural use for what is against nature.
Likewise also the men, leaving the natural use
of the woman, burned in their lust for one
another, men with men committing what is
shameful, and receiving in themselves the
penalty of their error which was due.
And even as they did not like to retain God in
their knowledge, God gave them over to a
debased mind, to do those things which are not
being filled with all unrighteousness, sexual
immorality, wickedness, covetousness,
maliciousness; full of envy, murder, strife,
deceit, evil-mindedness; they are
backbiters, haters of God, violent, proud,
boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient
undiscerning, untrustworthy, unloving,
who, knowing the righteous judgment of God, that
those who practice such things are deserving of
death, not only do the same but also approve of
those who practice them.